Basic Guitar Chords: This Is a Good Starting Point for Beginners

Here’s some easy basic guitar chords for you beginners out there. I know that learning guitar online can be challenging as I am myself a guitarist, I’m going to show how to play these chords with both tabs and chord charts to make it as easy as possible for you.

Basic Guitar Chords

A Major Chord Chart Basic1) A Major

The A Major chord is arguably the easiest to play for any beginner. If you practice playing it enough, you can play it using just one finger if you are comfortable with it. Here’s what an A Major chord looks like:

E|-0-
B|-2-
G|-2-
D|-2-
A|-0-
E|—

The A Major chord is constructed with the notes A, C#, and E. This is important to take note of when you are soloing over top of the chord because you cannot solo over it in the  C major scale because of the C# note in the A major chord.

E Minor Basic Chord Chart2) E Minor

Playing the E Minor chord is more basic than even the A major and is played in a similar way.  Here’s how you play an E minor chord:

E|-0-
B|-0-
G|-0-
D|-2-
A|-2-
E|-0-

Unlike A Major, you can solo over the E minor chord with the C major scale because the notes in E Minor (E,G,B) all fall into the C major scale.

3) G Major

This basic guitar chord will be a bit trickier than the first two we’ve played so far, but the G Major chord is one of the most commonly used chords around. This is what the G major chord looks like:

E|-3-
B|-3-
G|-0-
D|-0-
A|-2-
E|-3-

The G Major chord is also a part of the C major scale because it is comprised of all natural notes ( G,B,D). I know this chord can be hard to play at first so take your time practicing it.

F Major Basic Guitar Chord Chart4) F Major

The F Major chord is another challenging chord to play for a beginner. Remember to be patient and try not to get frustrated when playing this chord.

E|–1–
B|–1–
G|–2–
D|–3–
A|–3–
E|—–

The F Major chord is another basic chord that fits into the C major chord progression because of the notes it is comprised of (F,A,C). This is a common chord because it is the IV chord in the C major progression. We will learn more about what I just mentioned later in the chapter as it is a bit advanced for a beginner at this point in the lesson.

D Minor Chord Basic Guitar Chart5) D Minor

This is another tough basic open guitar chord in the C major progression that every beginner guitarist should learn how to play. Here’s what the D minor chord looks like:

E|–1–
B|–3–
G|–2–
D|–0–
A|—–
E|—–

With the D Minor chord, it is still in the C Major progression since it is comprised of all natural notes (D,F,A). This chord can be tricky when changing into it during a progression.

C Major Guitar Chord Chart Basic6) C Major

C Major is a very common chord that every beginner should know how to play. Playing the C major chord is similar to playing the F major chord.

E|–0–
B|–1–
G|–0–
D|–2–
A|–3–
E|—–

Practice With Basic Guitar Chords

Here are a couple of different chord progressions using the chords that we just took a look at. We will be practicing with chords that are in the C major progression only. Practice each of these exercises as many times as possible. Try to play it a little faster and cleaner each time until you can play the progression and create your own rhythm with the chords

Chords In Key Of C Major

Exercise #1

| C C C C | F F F F | G G G G|

| C C C C | F F F F | G G G G|

| C C C C | F F F F | G G G G|

| C C C C | F F F F | G G G G| x 4

Exercise #2

|C C C C | G G G G | Am Am Am Am | F F F F|

|C C C C | G G G G | Am Am Am Am | F F F F|

|C C C C | G G G G | Am Am Am Am | F F F F|

|C C C C | G G G G | Am Am Am Am | F F F F|

C Major Guitar Scale – The Easiest Scale For a Good Beginner Sound

The C Major Scale is the easiest to play and memorize on the guitar. You can create an infinite amount of different sounds with the tones in the C Major Scale. In this beginner guitar lesson, we will take a look at the ways to play the C Major scale on the guitar neck and what exactly it means.

C Major Guitar ScaleC Major Guitar Scale

Any Major Scale can be determined by using the interval formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H

What this means is first we start with two whole steps, then a half step, followed by three more whole steps and finally a half step to bring us back to the root.

C Major Scale Notes

Here’s how to calculate the notes in the C Major Scale using the W-W-H-W-W-W-H formula.

  • C – First Note
  • D – Second Note: By going one whole step up from the note C, we reach the second note D.
  • E – Third Note: By going another whole step above the note D, we reach the third note E.
  • F – Fourth Note: By going a half step above the note E, we reach the fourth note F.
  • G – Fifth Note: By going a whole step up from the note F, we reach the fifth note G.
  • A – Sixth Note: By going a whole step up from the note G, we reach the sixth note A.
  • B – Seventh Note : By going up a whole step from the note A, we reach the seventh note B.
  • C – Eighth Note (Octave) : Finally, by going up a half step from the note B, we reach the octave of the scale at C.

Learn The C Major Scale On The Guitar Neck

Notice how all of the notes in the C Major scale have no sharps or flats? This is why the C Major key is so popular. In the guitar world, the C Major scale is also useful for memorizing the notes on the fretboard.

Let’s take a look at what the C Major scale looks like on the Guitar with tabs and chord charts.

C Major Beginner Guitar LessonWhat you just looked at is the open position of C Major, meaning it begins on the open strings. This C Major scale is easy for soloing over top of open chord progressions that you will find in a lot of beginner guitar songs. Now let’s look at how the C Major scale looks on a chord chart:

C Major Beginner Guitar Lesson

As you can already see on the Chord diagram, the C Major scale can be extended to include the E strings of the guitar even though it doesn’t begin on C. This will become more useful to you later on as you learn about playing in the different modes of the C Major scale.

C Major Scale Soloing

When using the C major scale to solo over a chord progression in the key of C, there are many different ways to create different sounding note combinations. First, you will want to experiment with playing the scale at different rhythms between notes. Try skipping notes and emphasizing other ones more.  When emphasizing notes, try to play the notes in the scale that correspond with the notes in the chord progression. For example, if soloing over a G Major chord in a song, emphasize the notes G, B, and D. This will make your solo blend much better and sound more polished. It is very difficult to do at first for a beginner,  so don’t sweat it.

G Major Chord Chart – The Most Common Chord

The G Major Chord is one of the most common basic chords around. It is a very happy, up-beat and warm sounding chord that is a good chord to write a song around. Let’s take a look at what the G Major Chord looks like in both tablature and a chord chart.

G Major Chord Chart Guitar LessonThe G Major chord is created from the 1-3-5 arpeggio in the G Major scale which is (G,A,B,C,D,E,F#,G). The 1st note in the G Major scale is G, the 3rd note is B, and the 5th note is D. This gives us an arpeggio of G,B,D. Let’s look at how the chord looks on guitar tab.

E|–3–
B|–3–
G|–0–
D|–0–
A|–2–
E|–3–

G Major Basic Chord Progressions

Here are some popular basic G Major chord progressions that every beginner should learn how to play:

1) Magic Carpet Ride by Steppenwolf:

The main verse of Magic Carpet Ride by Steppenwolf uses the G Major barre chord.  Here’s how you play the song:

E|-------------3-x-x-3------------------x-x-3-3---------|
B|-7-7---5-5---3-x-x-3------7-7---5-5---x-x-3-3---------|
G|-7-7---5-5---4-x-x-4------7-7---5-5---x-x-4-4---------|
D|-7-7---5-5---5-x-x-5------7-7---5-5---x-x-5-5---------|
A|-5-5---3-3---5-x-x-5------5-5---3-3---x-x-5-5---------|
E|-------------3-x-x-3------------------x-x-3-3---------|

D D     C  C    G          G             D D    C  C             G  G

How To Re-String Your Guitar: Beginner Online Lesson (Basics)

How Do You String A Guitar?

Chances are if you’re reading this guide on how to change your guitar strings, you’re probably a beginner. Keep reading this lesson to learn how to re-string your guitar the right way. If you don’t learn the proper method, your guitar won’t stay in tune and your strings could break.

Things You’ll Need To Change Your Strings

1) Guitar Tuner – You’ll need to have a guitar tuner in order to tune your strings back up when you put the new ones on. If you don’t have a headstock tuner or any sort of tuner at all, you can always download an app on your smart phone for free.

2) String Winder –  This is optional, but it will make changing your strings a lot faster. If you have a few guitars, you definitely should have one of these around.

3) Guitar Strings – What gauge you prefer is up to you, but personally I prefer .09 (light) strings.

4) String Cutters- You’ll need some sort of tool to  remove the extra length of string after you change them. I use a pair of pliers.

This Youtube Video Will Guide You Through Re-stringing Your Guitar

 Step #1 – Remove The Big E String

Unwind the big e string and remove it. If you have an acoustic, you’ll probably need to remove the bridge pegs with a pair of pliers. If you have an electric, you just need to pull the string through the bridge.

Step #2 – Put A New String On

Set it through the nut, and wrap it around the tuner tightly around 3 times before you slide the string through the whole. This is important because it will keep your strings from slipping and falling out of tune as much. Tighten up the string and tune it to E .

After you’ve gotten the string to E, you want to stretch the string out with your fingers to make it stay in tune. Pull outward from the fretboard on the string and side to side all up and down the fretboard. Then re-tune the string to E.

Step # 3 – Changing The Remaining Strings

Alright, here’s another secret to keeping your guitar in tune when changing your strings. Now that we’ve done the big E string, we want to alternate to the bottom and remove the small E string. After we repeat steps #1 and #2 with that string, we alternate back to the top and do the A string next. After that, you would do the B string, and then the D string, and finally the G string. Changing your strings in this alternating process will keep the neck from losing too much tension at once and falling out of tune.

Step #4 – Cut The Extra String

The final step is to clip the remaining strings and disposing all of the old strings and the clippings properly. They are really sharp and could potentially poke your eye or a pet’s eye out.